The purpose of HIV surveillance is to enable evidence-based development of prevention and control programmes, and to promote the most effective use of health resources. In the late 1990s a framework termed the 2nd generation HIV surveillance was developed by WHO and UNAIDS with the aim to tailor surveillance systems to needs of the specific epidemic states. HIV and AIDS case reporting, sero-surveillance, STI surveillance and behavioural surveillance are indispensable for monitoring epidemic trends and evaluating the effects of prevention interventions. The surveillance of HIV requires the collection of demographic and behavioural data because of the unique link between HIV epidemiology and behaviours. Biological and behavioural data collected by the HIV surveillance system should be used to validate one another.
The aim of this course is to provide an introduction and overview of HIV epidemics both globally and specifically to different regions, as well as to introduce definitions and main concepts of public health surveillance, including the principles and concepts of HIV surveillance. The course describes the steps and components needed to design and establish an HIV surveillance system, as well as principles of data collection, analysis and dissemination. Participants will also be introduced to the basic concepts on how to assess the effectiveness, including sensitivity and completeness of a surveillance system and given an overview of national and international surveillance systems and structures in Europe. The groups exercise consists of planning and HIV surveillance system.
- General principles and key epidemiological issues of public health surveillance
- Components of HIV surveillance systems
- Basic HIV surveillance principles and concepts
- Establishing a surveillance system
- Data collection, analysis and dissemination
- Estimating HIV epidemics using Estimation and Projection Package, Workbook method, Spectrum
- Principles of monitoring & evaluation
The course consists of lectures, exercises and presentations. Interactive methods (e.g. group work, brainstorming) will be used to encourage full participation from attendees. Participants will be encouraged to reflect upon and apply their learning to their own country settings and to share their experiences with others.
Epidemiologists, social scientists, public health professionals.
The course takes place in five days.
Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany