Tuesday 07 April 2020

M4: Biological HIV Surveillance

Biological surveillance of HIV infection is used to assess the prevalence and incidence of HIV in different populations at higher risk of infection, or in the general population, and monitor trends in HIV prevalence and incidence over time. Biological surveillance enables to identify groups with the highest needs for public health and clinical interventions, and evaluate public health measures aimed at prevention and control of HIV infection.

Learning objectives

The aim of this course is to introduce the principles and concepts of HIV/AIDS surveillance and components of HIV biological surveillance systems, demonstrating the necessary steps in setting up biological surveillance systems and defining strategies best adapted to country specific situations.
The course will address different tests used in surveillance (ELISA, Western Blot, rapid tests, etc) and explain their validity and utilization in different types of epidemics, as well as the principles of handling biological specimens. Basic principles of data collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination will be explained. The course provides the overview of use and procedures of unlinked and linked anonymous testing and discusses a range of ethical issues and challenges in HIV biological surveillance.

Key topics

  • Clinic and institution-based biological surveillance
  • Biological surveillance as part of community-based surveys
  • HIV testing algorithms and tests used in surveillance in low-level, concentrated and generalised epidemics
  • Molecular diagnostics of HIV
  • Incidence-based HIV surveillance
  • Monitoring resistance to ARV
  • Analysis of surveillance data
  • Quality control in clinical laboratories
  • Data dissemination
  • Ethics in HIV biological surveillance
  • Development of a protocol for biological surveillance

Teaching Methods

The course consists of lectures, exercises and presentations. Interactive methods (e.g. group work, exercises) will be used to encourage full participation from attendees. Participants will be encouraged to reflect upon and apply their learning to their own country settings and to share their experiences with others

Target Audience

Epidemiologists, social scientists, public health professionals.


The course takes place in five days.


  • Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco, USA
  • University Hospital for Infectious Disease „Dr. Fran Mihaljevic“, Zagreb
  • Croatian Institute of Public Health

Download the Programme:

Programme - Biological HIV Surveillance.doc

Created by hrvo.je.