Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients, and prevention and treatment of TB in HIV-infected patients is considered a global priority by WHO and other international health organizations. Obtaining accurate estimates of HIV prevalence in TB patients is important as it guides the clinical management of HIV infection among patients with TB. The training course in HIV surveillance among TB patients aims to develop the necessary skills to plan, implement and evaluate HIV surveillance among TB patients through surveys and routine data collection from clinical settings.
At the end of the course, participants are expected to be able to:
- Describe the recent trends in epidemiology of HIV and TB
- Choose main strategies for HIV surveillance among TB patients in different HIV prevalence settings (generalized, concentrated and low-level HIV epidemic)
- Describe key approaches to surveillance data collection, analysis and dissemination
- Address ethical and confidentiality issues related to HIV surveillance among TB patients
- Understand advantages and disadvantages of HIV surveillance among TB patients and challenges in interpreting data
- Develop a country-specific protocol for HIV surveillance among TB patients based on routine data collection and/or sentinel surveys
- Principles of HIV surveillance
- Global and regional perspective of HIV and TB epidemics
- Principles of HIV surveillance among TB patients
- Methods and design issues in HIV surveillance among TB patients
- Combined surveillance for drug-resistant TB and HIV
- Data collection, study population, sampling, enrolment and consent, variables and study instruments
- TB/HIV surveillance protocol development
- Data analysis and interpretation
- Data use and dissemination
- Ethics in HIV surveillance among TB patients
The course consists of lectures, case studies and protocol development exercise. A group exercise will consist of development of a protocol for HIV surveillance system among tuberculosis patients, which will enable participants to acquire practical skills and understand methodological and social issues associated with HIV surveillance among TB patients.
TB managers working at the national level responsible for management and implementation of DOTS Plus projects and epidemiologists and public health professionals working on surveillance of HIV.
The course takes place in five days.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Tuberculosis Elimination (DTBE), Atlanta, USA
- WHO (Regional Office for Europe and Headquarters)
- National Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Croatia.